of Anglo-Saxon origin, a habitation name derived from the Old English ‘sùd’
and ‘clif’’ meaning south and cliff
* * *
Part 1: Joseph Sutcliffe (? - ?)
surname ‘Sutcliffe’ is strongly associated with the area around
Halifax. It has not been proved beyond doubt that Joseph Sutcliffe was
the first ‘known’ Sutcliffe of this particular branch, but there is
a very strong likelihood. Very little is known about him, particularly
when he might have been born and who his parents were.
lived in Warley, a village on the western outskirts of Halifax,
Yorkshire. He married Grace
Patchett at Saint John the Baptist Church, Halifax, 06 July 1800.
The only information about Grace was that she came from Wadsworth, a
village to the west. She had had no education, unlike Joseph who was
able to sign his name. He worked as a cordwainer, producing luxury boots
and shoes (as opposed to a cobbler who repaired them). They had four
known children: Sally, John, William and Anne, who were all baptised at
St Thomas Church, Heptonstall. The family moved regularly around the
Heptonstall area, probably wherever Joseph could find work. It is not
known when Joseph and Grace died.
(c1801 - ?) was baptised in March 1801. She was staying with her brother
William in the 1841 census and working as winder, transferring yarn from
bobbins in a mill. It is possible she had an illegitimate daughter,
Harriet, born c1833 who was still living with Sally’s brother William
a decade later. There is no confirmed record of Sally after 1841.
(c1802 - ?) was baptised 12 December 1802. Nothing else is known of him.
information about William
(c1805 - ?) appears in Part 2.
(c1808 - ?) was baptised 08 May 1808. She married Jonathan Appleyard
Bairstow 04 October 1835 at St John the Baptist Church. Neither could
sign their name. The family lived near Spaw Mill (also known as Spa Hole
Mill), Stansfield, where Jonathan was a mule spinner. He would have
worked with one or two others operating a pair of spinning mule machines
(invented a few decades earlier by Samuel Crompton) which would spin
cotton (or other fibres) onto hundreds of spindles in preparation for
the weaving process. The working conditions were hot and humid and the
floors were usually covered in machine oil. Jonathan would have had to
work barefoot as a result.
and Jonathan had five children: Sutcliffe, William, Grace, Hannah and
James. Sadly, Anne died following the birth of James and was buried 26
May 1846 at St Thomas Church, Heptonstall. James died aged 6 months and
was buried 26 November. Following the death of Jonathan in June 1849,
the other children were separated. Sutcliffe went to live with his uncle
William and worked as a cotton piecer but died aged only 20. William
went to work on a farm as a labourer but it is not known what happened
to him after 1851. Grace and Hannah worked as infant nurses, still young
themselves at 7 and 9 respectively. Grace married and had five children
but died in 1883, aged 42. Hannah died aged 16 in 1859.
Next: William Sutcliffe